History on camouflage patterns-a short summary
During World War I the first known camouflage patterned piece of clothing appeared. A hand painted jacket done by a French soldier named Guingot de Sceuola.
Nevertheless the idea of multicolored camo fabrics seemed to be forgotten for many years but in 1929 the Italians developed the first printed camo (telo mimetico) material which was used on tents and later on uniforms.
Two years later the German Army designed their own pattern too, the so-called splinter camo. Hungary followed in 1938.
During World War II a notable variety of camouflage patterns from different nations did already exist. For example the Waffen SS oak-leaf patterns, American "frog pattern" or the British Denison smock. But mostly used for elite units only.
That hasn't changed till the second half of the 20th century. Now most armies worldwide introduced camouflage uniforms for their regular troops. Camo patterns for almost every imaginable environment have been devised. From the jungles of South-East-Asia to the deserts of Arabia-there's a matching camouflage.